3rd Nine Weeks Exam Review
Which earth layer is labeled #3 in the diagram?
Outer core
Inner Core
Mantle
Crust
Which of the following is NOT true regarding oceanic lithosphere as the distance from mid ocean ridges increase (it spreads farther away from the ridge)?
It gets younger
It gets cooler
It gets older
It gets denser
What is the difference between weathering and erosion?
Weathering breaks rocks down while erosion carries sediment to new places.
Only weathering uses wind, water, and gravity.
Only erosion uses wind, water, and gravity.
Erosion breaks rock down while weathering carries sediment to new places.
What is believed to be the mechanism that moves the crustal plates?
convection currents in the mantle
ocean water currents
the plates do not move
radiation from the Sun
Which layer of Earth is a dense ball of solid metal?
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
What kind of heat transfer occurs when objects are in direct contact?
Conduction
Convection
Radiation
Subduction
Use the data table above to find which liquid would have the greatest mass if there is 100ml of each liquid.
Corn Syrup
Water
Gasoline
Rubbing alcohol
After walking across a carpeted floor in socks, Jim brings his finger near a metal doorknob and receives a shock. What does this demonstrate?
Electrical forces can act at a distance.
Frictional forces require direct contact.
Electrical forces require direct contact.
Frictional forces can act a distance.
Convection currents happen because of differences in temperature that changes the ____________ of the liquid or gas, which causes particles to expand and rise or compact and sink.
density
size
volume
mass
What state of matter do you get when you add energy to a liquid?
Gas
Solid
Plasma
Liquid
Which state of matter has the LOWEST energy and slowest speed of its particles?
Solid
Gas
Liquid
Plasma
What should the label be for # 1 in the rock cycle diagram shown?
Sediment
Sedimentary
Igneous
Metamorphic
What should the label be for #4 in the rock cycle diagram shown?
Magma
Igneous
Sedimentary
Metamorphic
What state of matter do you get when you remove energy from a liquid?
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Plasma
What rock type would be labeled at #3 in the diagram?
Metamorphic
Igneous
Magma
Sedimentary
What process is being shown in the image?
seafloor spreading
subduction
convergent boundary
transform boundary
Which layer of the earth is labeled #2 in the diagram?
Mantle
Crust
Outer Core
Inner Core
What process is being shown in the picture that forms trenches and volcanoes?
subduction
seafloor spreading
fault lines
divergent boundary
Which processes can change the shape and size of landforms, such as by making them smaller or bringing them to the surface?
Weathering and erosion
Weathering and deposition
Erosion and deposition
Erosion and pressure
What plate boundary type is being shown?
Transform
Convergent
Divergent
Subduction
Which type of plate boundary is constructive and can CREATE new crust?
Divergent
Convergent
Transform
Subduction
Which of the following processes is not directly related to forming a sedimentary rock?
Heating
Compaction
Cementation
Weathering
What processes would directly happen to make a metamorphic rock?
Heat and pressure
Compaction and cementation
Melting and cooling
Weathering, Erosion, and Deposition
Which rock type can be used to study the history of living organisms since it often contains fossils in its compacted and cemented layers?
Sedimentary
Igneous
Metamorphic
Sediment
What are the smaller pieces of rocks called that are formed from weathering?
Sediment
Sedimentary
Metamorphic
Igneous
What type of rock is formed after volcanic eruptions when lava cools and hardens?
Igneous
Metamorphic
Sedimentary
Sediment
Which rock cycle process could form a new landform, such as a sand dune, by dropping off and laying down sediment at a final location?
Deposition
Erosion
Weathering
Compaction
Which rock type has wavy layers because it is formed under extreme heat and pressure underground?
Metamorphic
Igneous
Sedimentary
Sediment
What process in the rock cycle will create sediment?
Weathering
Erosion
Deposition
Compaction and Cementation
Which boundary type will create a rift valley or ridge?
Divergent
Convergent
Transform
Subduction
The Ring of Fire is an area around the Pacific that contains many ____________ that form volcanoes at these convergent boundaries.
subduction zones
hot spots
fault lines
rift valleys
What would you be most likely to find at a convergent boundary between two pieces of continental crust?
mountain
trench
volcanic island arc
rift valley
What would you be most likely to find at a convergent boundary between a continental and oceanic plate?
trench
ridge
rift valley
mountain
What is the difference between the inner and outer core?
The outer core is liquid, the inner core is solid.
The inner core is liquid and the outer core is solid.
The outer core is made of nickel and the inner core is made of iron.
The outer core is hotter than the inner core.
Which type of plate boundary is destructive and DESTROYS/RECYCLES older crust?
Convergent
Divergent
Transform
Seafloor Spreading
When the heat source is removed from a fluid, convection currents in the fluid will __________.
eventually stop
change direction
speed up
continue at the same rate forever
Which of these is NOT evidence of sea floor spreading?
South America fits next to Africa.
There are matching magnetic stripes on the ocean floor.
Rocks increase in age as you get further from the mid ocean ridge.
There is molten material emerging from the mid ocean ridge.
Why was Continental Drift not accepted by other scientists?
no mechanism for how they moved was provided
there no proof that continents were once touching
only fossil evidence was provided
the scientist was not well-known in the scientific community
This heat transfer is by currents within a fluid.
convection
radiation
conduction
subduction
What process occurs at trenches?
Older oceanic rock sinks into the mantle.
Underwater mountains are created.
The sea floor spreads.
New ocean floor is created.
Which of the following best summarizes Wegener's hypothesis of continental drift?
the continents were once joined together in a single landmass.
Earth's surface is made up of seven major landmasses.
Earth is slowly cooling and shrinking
the continents moved in the past but not any more.
The upper layer of the mantle and the crust form this rigid layer.
lithosphere
core
asthenosphere
mesosphere
Convection currents in the mantle cause what to happen?
all of the choices.
the plates to move.
continental drift.
sea-floor spreading.
Which layer of Earth is broken into sections called plates?
lithosphere
crust
asthenosphere
upper mantle
Warming your hands in front of a fire, is an example of which type of heat transfer?
radiation
convection
conduction
subduction
Which part of the mantle is made of soft rock that bends like plastic?
asthenosphere
mesosphere
lithosphere
upper mantle
When molten material rises up during sea-floor spreading, ______ are formed.
mid-ocean ridges
oceanic trenches
volcanic island arcs
mountains
As depth increases towards the center of the Earth, what happens?
heat increases and pressure increases.
heat decreases and pressure decreases.
heat decreases and pressure increases.
heat increases and pressure decreases.
Which of the following land features is formed at a divergent boundary?
rift valley
volcanic island arc
trench
mountain
Which layers of Earth have convection currents?
asthenosphere and outer core
asthenosphere and inner core
lithosphere and mantle
outer core and inner core
Which type of rock is oceanic crust mostly made out of?
basalt
granite
pumice
obsidian
Which of the following land features can form at a convergent boundary?
trench
rift valley
fault line
ridge
Two plates slip past each other in opposite directions at this type of boundary.
Transform
Convergent
Divergent
Subduction Zone
Which layer of Earth is under the greatest amount of pressure?
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
_____ is when the ocean floor sinks beneath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle.
subduction
conduction
convection
seafloor spreading
Which layer of Earth controls the magnetic field?
outer core
inner core
crust
mantle
Jake and Mary rolled a watermelon into the pool. The watermelon floated in the pool. What conclusion can they make?
The density of the watermelon was less than the density of the pool water.
The density of the watermelon was more than the density of the pool water.
The volume of the watermelon was less than the volume of the pool water.
The volume of the watermelon was more than the volume of the pool water.
Which of the following is correct in reference to particles in a liquid?
They are closer together and lower in energy than those in a gas.
They are closer together and lower in energy than those in a solid.
They are farther apart and higher in energy than those in a gas.
They are farther apart and lower in energy than those in a solid.
How do the particles in an object at 40°C compare to the particles of an object at 0ºC?
The particles at 40°C are moving faster than the particles at 0°C.
The particles at 0°C are moving faster than the particles at 40°C.
The particles at 40°C are moving at the same speed as the particles at 0°C.
Neither the particles at 40°C or the particles at 0°C are moving.
Marla, an experienced scuba diver, observes that temperatures decrease and pressure increases the deeper she dives into the Ocean. She reasons that the same must be true of the layers of the Earth. Is Marla correct in her thinking? Why or why not?
No, temperatures increase and pressure increases with greater depth into the Earth’s layers.
No, temperatures decrease and pressure decreases with greater depth into the Earth’s layers.
No, temperature and pressure do not change within Earth’s layers.
No, while temperatures increase, there is no change in pressure within Earth’s layers.
What geologic event is MOST LIKELY to occur at a transform boundary?
a severe earthquake
a rifting plate
a volcanic eruption
a subduction zone
Which is the correct labels for the beakers shown?
1 = liquid; 2 = solid; 3 = gas
1 = liquid; 2 = gas; 3 = solid
1 = gas; 2 = liquid; 3 = solid
1 = solid; 2 = liquid; 3 = gas
What is the correct order of the layers of the Earth from the center moving outward?
inner core, outer core, mantle, crust
crust, mantle, outer core, inner core
inner mantle, outer mantle, core, crust
inner crust, outer crust, mantle core
What does the model below represent?
convergent boundary
slip-fault boundary
divergent boundary
transform boundary
Which of the following forces can act only when two objects touch each other?
frictional
electrical
magnetic
gravitational
The theory of plate tectonics states that continents move because convection currents in the mantle push oceanic plates rebuilding new seafloor that pushes on the continental plates. Why is plate tectonics a scientific theory?
Plate tectonics provides an explanation for how the plates move.
It predicts the movement of the plates.
Plate tectonics proved that oceanic crust is more dense than continental crust.
Plate tectonics proved that oceanic crust is made.
German scientist Alfred Wegener proposed the idea that the continents were once joined together as a supercontinent, Pangaea, then broke apart and drifted to their present day locations. What makes this idea a scientific theory?
It is well-supported by evidence.
It is about science.
It was published all over the world.
It was proposed by a famous scientist.
Jupiter has about 317 times more mass than Earth. What can you infer from this fact?
That Jupiter’s gravitational force is much stronger than Earth’s gravitational force.
That Jupiter’s gravitational force is much weaker than on Earth’s gravitational force.
That Jupiter’s and Earth’s gravitational forces are equal.
Mass has no effect on the gravitational force between two objects.
Which of the following examples demonstrates heat transfer through radiation?
The sun heating up a pool.
Boiling water on a stove.
A heater blowing air into a room.
A hamburger cooking on a grill.
What is a scientific theory?
A scientific theory is a well-supported and widely accepted explanation of nature.
A scientific theory is a statement made by scientists.
A scientific theory is the first stage of an idea before it becomes a scientific law.
A scientific theory is a prediction of how nature works.