3rd Nine Weeks Exam Review
Which earth layer is labeled #3 in the diagram?
Which of the following is NOT true regarding oceanic lithosphere as the distance from mid ocean ridges increase (it spreads farther away from the ridge)?
What is the difference between weathering and erosion?
Weathering breaks rocks down while erosion carries sediment to new places.
Only weathering uses wind, water, and gravity.
Only erosion uses wind, water, and gravity.
Erosion breaks rock down while weathering carries sediment to new places.
What is believed to be the mechanism that moves the crustal plates?
convection currents in the mantle
Which layer of Earth is a dense ball of solid metal?
What kind of heat transfer occurs when objects are in direct contact?
Use the data table above to find which liquid would have the greatest mass if there is 100ml of each liquid.
After walking across a carpeted floor in socks, Jim brings his finger near a metal doorknob and receives a shock.
What does this demonstrate?
Electrical forces can act at a distance.
Frictional forces require direct contact.
Electrical forces require direct contact.
Frictional forces can act a distance.
Convection currents happen because of differences in temperature that changes the ____________ of the liquid or gas, which causes particles to expand and rise or compact and sink.
What state of matter do you get when you add energy to a liquid?
Which state of matter has the LOWEST energy and slowest speed of its particles?
What should the label be for # 1 in the rock cycle diagram shown?
What should the label be for #4 in the rock cycle diagram shown?
What state of matter do you get when you remove energy from a liquid?
What rock type would be labeled at #3 in the diagram?
What process is being shown in the image?
Which layer of the earth is labeled #2 in the diagram?
What process is being shown in the picture that forms trenches and volcanoes?
Which processes can change the shape and size of landforms, such as by making them smaller or bringing them to the surface?
Weathering and deposition
What plate boundary type is being shown?
Which type of plate boundary is constructive and can CREATE new crust?
Which of the following processes is not directly related to forming a sedimentary rock?
What processes would directly happen to make a metamorphic rock?
Compaction and cementation
Weathering, Erosion, and Deposition
Which rock type can be used to study the history of living organisms since it often contains fossils in its compacted and cemented layers?
What are the smaller pieces of rocks called that are formed from weathering?
What type of rock is formed after volcanic eruptions when lava cools and hardens?
Which rock cycle process could form a new landform, such as a sand dune, by dropping off and laying down sediment at a final location?
Which rock type has wavy layers because it is formed under extreme heat and pressure underground?
What process in the rock cycle will create sediment?
Compaction and Cementation
Which boundary type will create a rift valley or ridge?
The Ring of Fire is an area around the Pacific that contains many ____________ that form volcanoes at these convergent boundaries.
What would you be most likely to find at a convergent boundary between two pieces of continental crust?
What would you be most likely to find at a convergent boundary between a continental and oceanic plate?
What is the difference between the inner and outer core?
The outer core is liquid, the inner core is solid.
The inner core is liquid and the outer core is solid.
The outer core is made of nickel and the inner core is made of iron.
The outer core is hotter than the inner core.
Which type of plate boundary is destructive and DESTROYS/RECYCLES older crust?
When the heat source is removed from a fluid, convection currents in the fluid will __________.
continue at the same rate forever
Which of these is NOT evidence of sea floor spreading?
South America fits next to Africa.
There are matching magnetic stripes on the ocean floor.
Rocks increase in age as you get further from the mid ocean ridge.
There is molten material emerging from the mid ocean ridge.
Why was Continental Drift not accepted by other scientists?
no mechanism for how they moved was provided
there no proof that continents were once touching
only fossil evidence was provided
the scientist was not well-known in the scientific community
This heat transfer is by currents within a fluid.
What process occurs at trenches?
Older oceanic rock sinks into the mantle.
Underwater mountains are created.
New ocean floor is created.
Which of the following best summarizes Wegener's hypothesis of continental drift?
the continents were once joined together in a single landmass.
Earth's surface is made up of seven major landmasses.
Earth is slowly cooling and shrinking
the continents moved in the past but not any more.
The upper layer of the mantle and the crust form this rigid layer.
Convection currents in the mantle cause what to happen?
Which layer of Earth is broken into sections called plates?
Warming your hands in front of a fire, is an example of which type of heat transfer?
Which part of the mantle is made of soft rock that bends like plastic?
When molten material rises up during sea-floor spreading, ______ are formed.
As depth increases towards the center of the Earth, what happens?
heat increases and pressure increases.
heat decreases and pressure decreases.
heat decreases and pressure increases.
heat increases and pressure decreases.
Which of the following land features is formed at a divergent boundary?
Which layers of Earth have convection currents?
asthenosphere and outer core
asthenosphere and inner core
outer core and inner core
Which type of rock is oceanic crust mostly made out of?
Which of the following land features can form at a convergent boundary?
Two plates slip past each other in opposite directions at this type of boundary.
Which layer of Earth is under the greatest amount of pressure?
_____ is when the ocean floor sinks beneath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle.
Which layer of Earth controls the magnetic field?
Jake and Mary rolled a watermelon into the pool. The watermelon floated in the pool. What conclusion can they make?
The density of the watermelon was less than the density of the pool water.
The density of the watermelon was more than the density of the pool water.
The volume of the watermelon was less than the volume of the pool water.
The volume of the watermelon was more than the volume of the pool water.
Which of the following is correct in reference to particles in a liquid?
They are closer together and lower in energy than those in a gas.
They are closer together and lower in energy than those in a solid.
They are farther apart and higher in energy than those in a gas.
They are farther apart and lower in energy than those in a solid.
How do the particles in an object at 40°C compare to the particles of an object at 0ºC?
The particles at 40°C are moving faster than the particles at 0°C.
The particles at 0°C are moving faster than the particles at 40°C.
The particles at 40°C are moving at the same speed as the particles at 0°C.
Neither the particles at 40°C or the particles at 0°C are moving.
Marla, an experienced scuba diver, observes that temperatures decrease and pressure increases the deeper she dives into the Ocean. She reasons that the same must be true of the layers of the Earth.
Is Marla correct in her thinking? Why or why not?
No, temperatures increase and pressure increases with greater depth into the Earth’s layers.
No, temperatures decrease and pressure decreases with greater depth into the Earth’s layers.
No, temperature and pressure do not change within Earth’s layers.
No, while temperatures increase, there is no change in pressure within Earth’s layers.
What geologic event is MOST LIKELY to occur at a transform boundary?
Which is the correct labels for the beakers shown?
1 = liquid; 2 = solid; 3 = gas
1 = liquid; 2 = gas; 3 = solid
1 = gas; 2 = liquid; 3 = solid
1 = solid; 2 = liquid; 3 = gas
What is the correct order of the layers of the Earth from the center moving outward?
inner core, outer core, mantle, crust
crust, mantle, outer core, inner core
inner mantle, outer mantle, core, crust
inner crust, outer crust, mantle core
What does the model below represent?
Which of the following forces can act only when two objects touch each other?
The theory of plate tectonics states that continents move because convection currents in the mantle push oceanic plates rebuilding new seafloor that pushes on the continental plates.
Why is plate tectonics a scientific theory?
Plate tectonics provides an explanation for how the plates move.
It predicts the movement of the plates.
Plate tectonics proved that oceanic crust is more dense than continental crust.
Plate tectonics proved that oceanic crust is made.
German scientist Alfred Wegener proposed the idea that the continents were once joined together as a supercontinent, Pangaea, then broke apart and drifted to their present day locations.
What makes this idea a scientific theory?
It is well-supported by evidence.
It was published all over the world.
It was proposed by a famous scientist.
Jupiter has about 317 times more mass than Earth. What can you infer from this fact?
That Jupiter’s gravitational force is much stronger than Earth’s gravitational force.
That Jupiter’s gravitational force is much weaker than on Earth’s gravitational force.
That Jupiter’s and Earth’s gravitational forces are equal.
Mass has no effect on the gravitational force between two objects.
Which of the following examples demonstrates heat transfer through radiation?
The sun heating up a pool.
Boiling water on a stove.
A heater blowing air into a room.
A hamburger cooking on a grill.
What is a scientific theory?
A scientific theory is a well-supported and widely accepted explanation of nature.
A scientific theory is a statement made by scientists.
A scientific theory is the first stage of an idea before it becomes a scientific law.
A scientific theory is a prediction of how nature works.